What is BPH?

What is BPH?

What is BPH?
BPH symptoms are caused by the prostate squeezing the urethra closed as men age and their prostate enlarges.[more]

BPH Complications

BPH Complications
BPH complications can occur during diagnosis and treatment because other age related disorders (heart disease, diabetes) may increase the symptoms or rule out treatments.[more]

BPH Treatments

BPH Treatments
BPH treatments include preventative medicine (above), prescription alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, and TUMT or TUNA office procedures.[more]

What is BPH?

What is BPH? BPH stands for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia which means a noncancerous enlarged prostate. The majority of men eventually get BPH in their later years. The primary BPH symptoms are a slower stream of urine, frequent urination, urinary retention, difficulty starting urination and trouble stopping urination. The reason these prostate symptoms (sintomas prostata) occur is because just below the bladder, the urethra is surrounded by the prostate, and as the prostate enlarges through the years, it squeezes the urethra, making it narrower and harder to urinate.  The BPH doctor is called a urologist (see What is a urologist?). 

“What is BPH?” is a website that covers the BPH complications, BPH treatments, and BPH surgery along with preventing BPH. While BPH is not cancer, it can still damage the bladder and the kidneys to the point that they will no longer work. As the prostate becomes enlarged, it may also increase the prostate specific antigen output which can give you a high PSA number (over 4).  Your primary doctor will usually perform a digital rectal exam (DRE) during your annual prostate exam and be able to feel the prostate enlargement.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, prostatitis, and prostate cancer are the three major prostate disorders. The urology specialist will help you to diagnose all three prostate problems with your PSA, DRE, medical history, urine culture, and possibly a CT scan, MRI, prostate ultrasound with biopsy, uroflow, bladder scan, or chest x-ray.

BPH treatments can run the gamut from natural alternative medicine, to medications that relax the bladder neck and shrink the prostate, minimally invasive office procedures to reduce prostate tissue blockage; to surgical BPH procedures to unblock the urethra all the way to . Having the urologist diagnose your frequent urination and getting up during the night to urinate (nocturia), is critical because frequent urination, urinary retention, and not being able to urinate, may also be caused by the bladder or the kidney.

What is BPH? The terms Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy are often used interchangeably but are actually two different age related disorders that ultimately bring about an enlarged prostate. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is an increase in the number of cells in the prostate. Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy is an increase in the size of the cells in the prostate. BPH stands for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia although most people, including doctors, use the generic term BPH while referring to either the hypertrophy or hyperplasia version of the term.


What is BPH? (continued)

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